When the Chiefs of the Long Beach and Stockton Police Departments refused to testify about shootings by their officers in three cases in which HSR represents the victims of the shooting, HSR obtained court orders requiring the Chiefs to submit to depositions about the shootings. The Court determined the Chiefs had to testify about these incidents — and their own and the Department’s responses to them — because they could be held personally responsible for the unconstitutionally excessive force used by their officers in these shootings.